The Gold Standard and Auditory Processing Disorder Diagnostic accuracy research plays a lead role in evidence-based medicine for physicians and evidence-based practice for speech-language pathologists and audiologists. A key component in diagnostic accuracy research is the “gold standard” also known as the reference standard test. This test is used as the best method for the identification of ... Article
Article  |   April 17, 2018
The Gold Standard and Auditory Processing Disorder
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Andrew J. Vermiglio
    East Carolina University, Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, Greenville, NC
  • Disclosures
    Disclosures ×
  • Financial: Andrew J. Vermiglio has no relevant financial interests to disclose.
    Financial: Andrew J. Vermiglio has no relevant financial interests to disclose.×
  • Nonfinancial: Andrew J. Vermiglio has no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.
    Nonfinancial: Andrew J. Vermiglio has no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Attention, Memory & Executive Functions / Part 1
Article   |   April 17, 2018
The Gold Standard and Auditory Processing Disorder
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, April 2018, Vol. 3, 6-17. doi:10.1044/persp3.SIG6.6
History: Received February 4, 2018 , Revised March 6, 2018 , Accepted March 7, 2018
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, April 2018, Vol. 3, 6-17. doi:10.1044/persp3.SIG6.6
History: Received February 4, 2018; Revised March 6, 2018; Accepted March 7, 2018

Diagnostic accuracy research plays a lead role in evidence-based medicine for physicians and evidence-based practice for speech-language pathologists and audiologists. A key component in diagnostic accuracy research is the “gold standard” also known as the reference standard test. This test is used as the best method for the identification of the presence and absence of a target disorder. A review of the literature reveals a poor understanding of this concept, especially in the area of auditory processing disorder. It is important to approach the topic of the gold standard in the context of a diagnostic system. The overall purpose of this article is to provide guidance for reviewers of diagnostic accuracy literature regarding lesions of the central auditory nervous system and an auditory processing disorder.

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