Critical Thinking in Facilitating the Development of Cultural Competence in Speech Pathology: A Training Module Based on a Review of Resources on Arab Americans The importance of critical thinking in training preservice and postservice speech-language pathologists (SLPs) is increasingly acknowledged in the collected works of communication sciences and disorders. Incorporation of critical thinking enhances the quality of clinical decision making, is important for interprofessional practice, and is an essential knowledge in educational services for ... Article
Article  |   March 07, 2018
Critical Thinking in Facilitating the Development of Cultural Competence in Speech Pathology: A Training Module Based on a Review of Resources on Arab Americans
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Reem Khamis-Dakwar
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY
  • Anthony DiLollo
    Communicative Disorders and Sciences, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS
  • Disclosures
    Disclosures ×
  • Financial: Reem Khamis-Dakwar has no relevant financial interests to disclose. Anthony DiLollo has no relevant financial interests to disclose.
    Financial: Reem Khamis-Dakwar has no relevant financial interests to disclose. Anthony DiLollo has no relevant financial interests to disclose.×
  • Nonfinancial: Reem Khamis-Dakwar has no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose. Anthony DiLollo has no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.
    Nonfinancial: Reem Khamis-Dakwar has no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose. Anthony DiLollo has no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.×
Article Information
Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Professional Issues & Training / Part 1
Article   |   March 07, 2018
Critical Thinking in Facilitating the Development of Cultural Competence in Speech Pathology: A Training Module Based on a Review of Resources on Arab Americans
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, March 2018, Vol. 3, 5-18. doi:10.1044/persp3.SIG14.5
History: Received June 14, 2017 , Revised January 24, 2018 , Accepted January 25, 2018
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, March 2018, Vol. 3, 5-18. doi:10.1044/persp3.SIG14.5
History: Received June 14, 2017; Revised January 24, 2018; Accepted January 25, 2018

The importance of critical thinking in training preservice and postservice speech-language pathologists (SLPs) is increasingly acknowledged in the collected works of communication sciences and disorders. Incorporation of critical thinking enhances the quality of clinical decision making, is important for interprofessional practice, and is an essential knowledge in educational services for SLPs at all levels (Finn, Brundage, & DiLollo, 2016). In this article, we propose the need to infuse critical thinking within cultural and linguistic diversity training and recommend the use of literature and instructional activities focused on guiding SLPs in working with Arab Americans to serve this mission. On the basis of existing resources in communication sciences and disorders literature on Arab Americans, we created a study module to target the 3 components of critical thinking: interpretation, evaluation, and metacognition. The first part of the module (Units 1 and 2) is designed to introduce students to critical thinking and facilitate their use of critical thinking in evaluating information presented within speech pathology resources on working with diverse population. The second part, Unit 3, assists learners in reflecting on the impact of their own preconceptions. The last part, Unit 4, facilitates students' understanding of best practices in servicing individuals from diverse populations.

Acknowledgments
The authors would like to extend their thanks to Melissa Randazzo, the editor, and the reviewers for their valuable comments and review of the article.
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