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Copyright/Proprietary Rights Notice 

Unless otherwise noted, the publisher, which is the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), holds the copyright on all materials published in its Perspectives publications, whether in print or electronic form, both as a compilation and as individual articles. All Perspectives content is subject to "fair use" provisions of U.S. or applicable international copyright laws (see http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html).

The following guidelines apply to individual users (Institutional Guidelines are also available): 

Individuals may view, download, or save Perspectives content and they may print 10 copies for the purposes of research, teaching, and/or private study. Systematic downloading (by any automatic process) is prohibited without explicit publisher approval.

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Except as noted above, individuals may not reproduce, post, redistribute, sell, modify or create a derivative work of any journal content, without prior, express written permission of the publisher. Permission is granted, however, to provide a limited amount of print or electronic Perspectives content for purposes of regulatory approval, patent and/or trademark applications or other legal or regulatory purposes. 

Any use and/or copies of Perspectives in whole or in part, must include the customary bibliographic citation: author(s); publication date; article title; Perspectives title, volume, and inclusive pages; and its URL (Web site address) and MUST include the copyright notice. Individuals may not remove, cover, overlay, obscure, block, or change any copyright notices, legends, or terms of use. 

Requests for permissions to reprint or copy journal content beyond that permitted by Section 107 or 108 of the U.S. Copyright Law are handled through the Copyright Clearance Center (call 855-239-3415 for additional assistance). Questions and requests for translation should be directed to permissions@asha.org.

Disclaimer of Warranty 

As publisher, the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy, completeness, availability, merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or noninfringement of the content of this journal and disclaims responsibility for any damages arising out of its use. 

Description of or reference to products or publications, or inclusion of an advertisement in Perspectives, neither constitutes nor implies a guarantee, endorsement, or support of claims made of that product, publication, or service. In no event shall the publisher be liable for any indirect, special, incidental, punitive, or consequential damages, including but not limited to loss of data, business interruption, or loss of profits, arising out of the use of or the inability to use the journal content. 

The publisher reserves the right to reject advertisements and will not publish advertisements that are inconsistent with its professional standards.

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