Disparities in the Identification and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Populations Early identification and intervention services play a critical role in determining the degree of communication development in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, researchers have reported that African-American and Hispanic populations are less likely to be diagnosed with ASD, often receive the initial diagnosis at later ages, and experience ... Article
Article  |   December 14, 2017
Disparities in the Identification and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Populations
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Yolanda D. Keller-Bell
    Communication Disorders Program, North Carolina Central University, Durham, NC
  • Disclosures
    Disclosures ×
  • Financial: This research was supported, in part, by the Office of Special Education Programs of the U.S. Department of Education (Award number H325K140413) awarded to the author.
    Financial: This research was supported, in part, by the Office of Special Education Programs of the U.S. Department of Education (Award number H325K140413) awarded to the author.×
  • Nonfinancial: Yolanda D. Keller-Bell has no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.
    Nonfinancial: Yolanda D. Keller-Bell has no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.×
Article Information
Special Populations / Cultural & Linguistic Diversity / Autism Spectrum / Part 3
Article   |   December 14, 2017
Disparities in the Identification and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Populations
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, December 2017, Vol. 2, 68-81. doi:10.1044/persp2.SIG14.68
History: Received July 11, 2017 , Revised October 9, 2017 , Accepted October 13, 2017
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, December 2017, Vol. 2, 68-81. doi:10.1044/persp2.SIG14.68
History: Received July 11, 2017; Revised October 9, 2017; Accepted October 13, 2017

Early identification and intervention services play a critical role in determining the degree of communication development in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, researchers have reported that African-American and Hispanic populations are less likely to be diagnosed with ASD, often receive the initial diagnosis at later ages, and experience differences in access to services in comparison to other racial and ethnic groups. Studies have also documented lower participation rates of minorities in research studies of ASD. These differences have contributed to disparities in services for children with autism from culturally, linguistically, and economically diverse backgrounds. The purpose of this article is to discuss disparities in the identification and diagnosis of children with ASD from diverse backgrounds. It will discuss the clinical implications for speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in addressing potential barriers and strategies to facilitate services.

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