Aural Atresia: What Audiologists Need to Know About Bilateral Versus Unilateral Cases Children with aural atresia (AA) present with a hearing loss due to differing degrees of malformations of the ear. The effects of this hearing loss on audition, speech/language development, and academic achievement are not well understood. The literature is quite sparse on this topic, including studies with only small numbers ... Article
Article  |   December 27, 2016
Aural Atresia: What Audiologists Need to Know About Bilateral Versus Unilateral Cases
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Traci Flynn
    Division of Speech-Language Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • Disclosures
    Disclosures ×
  • Financial: Traci Flynn has no relevant financial interests to disclose.
    Financial: Traci Flynn has no relevant financial interests to disclose.×
  • Nonfinancial: Parts of this paper have been presented in conjunction with preliminary results of a research project at Hearing Across the Lifespan (HEAL) conference, Lake Como, Italy, 2016.
    Nonfinancial: Parts of this paper have been presented in conjunction with preliminary results of a research project at Hearing Across the Lifespan (HEAL) conference, Lake Como, Italy, 2016.×
Article Information
Hearing Disorders / Special Populations / Genetic & Congenital Disorders / Part 2
Article   |   December 27, 2016
Aural Atresia: What Audiologists Need to Know About Bilateral Versus Unilateral Cases
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, December 2016, Vol. 1, 49-59. doi:10.1044/persp1.SIG9.49
History: Received August 30, 2016 , Revised November 8, 2016 , Accepted November 11, 2016
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, December 2016, Vol. 1, 49-59. doi:10.1044/persp1.SIG9.49
History: Received August 30, 2016; Revised November 8, 2016; Accepted November 11, 2016

Children with aural atresia (AA) present with a hearing loss due to differing degrees of malformations of the ear. The effects of this hearing loss on audition, speech/language development, and academic achievement are not well understood. The literature is quite sparse on this topic, including studies with only small numbers of children or retrospective chart reviews. The few studies that have been completed demonstrate that the hearing loss caused by AA affects auditory, as well as speech and language, development and, therefore, results in delays. Children with bilateral atresia are more adversely affected than children with unilateral atresia. However, the delays are not well understood with respect to whether or not amplification mitigates them. This paper presents the current evidence in the literature on the audiological management, the auditory and speech/language development, and the academic achievement of children with aural atresia.

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