The Three Definitions of Application for AAC Intervention This article will address an important issue related to speech-generating devices (SGDs) and augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) software applications (apps) in relation to the widespread adoption of mobile devices. This article will explore each of the three definitions of application including (a) a software application, (b) putting something into ... Article
Article  |   November 14, 2016
The Three Definitions of Application for AAC Intervention
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Samuel C. Sennott
    Department of Special Education, Portland State University
  • Reny Ferrari
    Portland State University
  • Gayle McLernon
    Portland Public Schools
  • Deborah Lesher
    Columbia Regional Program, Portland Public Schools, Portland, OR
  • Disclosures
    Disclosures ×
  • Financial: Samuel C. Sennott, Reny Ferrari, Gayle McLernon, and Deborah Lesher have no relevant financial interests to disclose.
    Financial: Samuel C. Sennott, Reny Ferrari, Gayle McLernon, and Deborah Lesher have no relevant financial interests to disclose.×
  • Nonfinancial: Samuel C. Sennott, Reny Ferrari, Gayle McLernon, and Deborah Lesher have no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.
    Nonfinancial: Samuel C. Sennott, Reny Ferrari, Gayle McLernon, and Deborah Lesher have no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.×
Article Information
Augmentative & Alternative Communication / Part 3
Article   |   November 14, 2016
The Three Definitions of Application for AAC Intervention
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, November 2016, Vol. 1, 99-107. doi:10.1044/persp1.SIG12.99
History: Received January 22, 2016 , Revised August 11, 2016 , Accepted August 23, 2016
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, November 2016, Vol. 1, 99-107. doi:10.1044/persp1.SIG12.99
History: Received January 22, 2016; Revised August 11, 2016; Accepted August 23, 2016

This article will address an important issue related to speech-generating devices (SGDs) and augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) software applications (apps) in relation to the widespread adoption of mobile devices. This article will explore each of the three definitions of application including (a) a software application, (b) putting something into practice or operation, and (c) sustained effort. We hope that these three “app” definitions and discussion of our use of the Student, Environments, Tasks, and Tools (SETT) Framework can be a quick, easy, and memorable way to convey to families, therapists, and teachers that tools are made powerful when they are combined with good teaching and processes that sustain the use of AAC. A review of The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services updated 2015 National Coverage Decision for SGDs will be included, highlighting the major change to this updated coverage which includes the expansion of the definition of speech.

Acknowledgements
We would like to acknowledge Arlene Schnitzer, The Quest Foundation, The State of Oregon for funding the Universal Design Lab's initial work in this area.
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