Comprehensive Assessment of Speech Sound Production in Preschool Children This paper describes a comprehensive speech sound assessment for preschool children suspected of having a speech sound disorder (SSD). Recommended components include standardized single-word testing, additional single-word testing, connected speech sampling, phonological analyses, stimulability testing, and inconsistency testing. While data collection and some cursory analyses take place during the evaluation ... Article
Article  |   June 14, 2016
Comprehensive Assessment of Speech Sound Production in Preschool Children
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Toby Macrae
    School of Communication Science and Disorders, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
  • Disclosures
    Disclosures ×
  • Financial: The author has no relevant financial interests to disclose.
    Financial: The author has no relevant financial interests to disclose.×
  • Nonfinancial: The author has no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.
    Nonfinancial: The author has no relevant nonfinancial interests to disclose.×
Article Information
Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Speech, Voice & Prosody / Part 2
Article   |   June 14, 2016
Comprehensive Assessment of Speech Sound Production in Preschool Children
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, June 2016, Vol. 1, 39-56. doi:10.1044/persp1.SIG1.39
History: Received October 16, 2015 , Revised January 5, 2016 , Accepted February 12, 2016
Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups, June 2016, Vol. 1, 39-56. doi:10.1044/persp1.SIG1.39
History: Received October 16, 2015; Revised January 5, 2016; Accepted February 12, 2016

This paper describes a comprehensive speech sound assessment for preschool children suspected of having a speech sound disorder (SSD). Recommended components include standardized single-word testing, additional single-word testing, connected speech sampling, phonological analyses, stimulability testing, and inconsistency testing. While data collection and some cursory analyses take place during the evaluation session, allowing the speech-language pathologist (SLP) to share key information with the parents/caregivers, much of the in-depth analysis takes place later. Since most preschool children's SSDs are phonological in nature, a phonological approach to analysis, target selection, and treatment is required. Two examples of phonological analyses, a place-voice-manner (PVM) analysis and an error pattern analysis, are discussed. Both allow the SLP to identify patterns of difficulty in the child's speech with regards to the place, voicing, and/or manner characteristics of target consonants. Phonological analyses can be performed using the child's single-word and connected speech samples. This information, along with the results from the stimulability and inconsistency testing, will allow the SLP to gain a complete picture of the child's speech sound abilities and difficulties, determine prognosis for change, and identify treatment targets.

Order a Subscription
Pay Per View
All Perspectives articles & archives
24-hour access
This Article
24-hour access
We've Changed Our Publication Model...
The 19 individual SIG Perspectives publications have been relaunched as the new, all-in-one Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups.